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Standard 8 Test 12/19
Due Date: 12/19/2017
Subject: U S History

USHC Standard 8 Study Guide:  Civil Rights, Vietnam, and the Modern Era-- Test Date:  12/19/17

1.   Define civil disobedience.

Refusal to obey certain laws for the purpose of influencing legislation by using nonviolent techniques (boycotts, sit-ins)

2.   What were the goals and strategies of the following organizations? (Black Panther Party, NAACP, Southern Christian Leadership Conference)

Black Panther Party—goals:  achieve desegregation, improve economic and social status of AA / Strategies:  use of violence in self-defense

NAACP—goals:  achieve desegregation, improve economic and social status of AA /  Strategies:  lawsuits and legal claims

Southern Christian Leadership Conference—goals:  achieve desegregation, improve economic and social status of AA / Strategies:  non-violent demonstrations—sit-ins, boycotts, and marches


3.   What did the passage of Jim Crow Laws accomplish?

Segregation of public places, oppress African American civil rights

4.   What was the result of Rosa Parks being arrested?

Economic Boycotts

5.   What impact did the modern Civil Rights Movement have on the expansion of democracy in the United States? 

The passage of laws such as the Voting Rights Act removed barriers that had been put in place to suppress minority voters.

6.   What are some examples of nonviolent demonstrations during the Civil Rights Movement?

Marches, sit-ins, peaceful protests, etc.

7.   How was legislation passed as part of President Johnson’s Great Society program similar to legislation passed during the Progressive Era?

It was aimed at addressing social problems created by poverty.

8.   How were the domestic policies of President Richard Nixon a change from those implemented by President Lyndon Johnson?

President Nixon scaled back the enforcement of federal civil rights legislation.

9.   Explain the following terms:

a)   The Equal Rights Amendment—guaranteed equal rights for all citizens regardless of gender

b)  The War Powers Act—puts a check on the president’s power to commit the US to an armed conflict without the consent of congress

c)   Medicare---Health Care for the elderly                Medicaid—health care for poor

d)  Title IX—no person should be discriminated against based on gender in ATHLETICS

10.         What is the Clean Water Act and Clean Air Act?

Puts regulations on pollution being discharged into the air and water

11.         How did President Richard Nixon’s presidency impact the political affiliation of southern states?

Nixon’s promises to limit enforcement of President Johnson’s policies caused many southerners to become Republicans.

12.         How did President Nixon address the "stagflation" issue caused by the government over spending on the Vietnam War?

He imposed wage and price controls.

13.         How were President Johnson's Great Society programs similar to the reforms of the Progressive Era?

They both used the power of the federal government to improve social conditions.

14.         This chart shows a sequence of events related to the Vietnam War.  Which event completes this sequence of events?


Vietnam was united under a communist government.

15.         Why did protests take place on the campus of Kent State University on May 4, 1970?

Because of the tensions between the government and anti-war demonstrators

16.         Which incident led to President Lyndon Johnson's escalation of America's troop commitment to Vietnam?

The Tet Offensive

17.         What was a major cause of the War Powers Act?

Congress, upset at the escalation of war that took place under Johnson, wanted to regain some authority.

18.         Describe the major events of Nixon’s Presidency.

Watergate break-in, vice-president resigns, Presidential visit to China

19.         How did the events of the Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal affect Americans?

Americans became more distrustful of their leaders.

20.         What is “vietnamization?”

the gradual removal of American troops from Vietnam

21.         Explain the United States motivation for involvement in the Vietnam War?

Government leaders believed that if Vietnam became communist, other countries would soon follow.

22.         During the Vietnam War, what group was known as the Vietcong?

citizens of South Vietnam who fought for Ho Chi Minh

23.         President Reagan’s policy of trickle-down economics relied on what idea to stimulate the economy?

lowering taxes and reducing government spending

24.         With which president’s economic policies would President Reagan most likely disagree?

Franklin D. Roosevelt, Johnson

25.         What did the supreme court case Miranda v. Arizona establish?

Must be read your rights, Rights of the Accused


26.         What was most significant about the Camp David Accords negotiated during President Carter's administration?

It was the first time a peace agreement had been reached between Israel and an Arab nation.

27.         How can President Reagan's government policies best be described?


28.         "Reaganomics" is a nickname given to what economic policy implemented in the 1980s?

trickle down economics    

29.         What women's rights issue was at the center of the Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade?


30.         What program promotes preference for minorities in hiring due to past injustices?

Affirmative Action


31.         Since the 1980s, from which fields do most new jobs in the United States come?


32.         During the late 1970s and early 1980s, a shortage of what import impacted the growth of the United States' economy?              oil

33.         What is the intent of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between the United States, Canada, and Mexico?   

increase trade and eliminate tariffs

34.         Define de facto segregation and de jure segregation.

De facto—segregation that happens without a law dictating it

De Jure—segregation by law



35.         Label the countries (I, II, III, IV) on the map.  Which country on the map invaded Kuwait in 1990?


I. Turkey           II.  Iraq                        III.  Saudi Arabia                         IV.  Iran

Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990.

36.         What nation did the United States go to war against in the early 1990s after its invasion of Kuwait?


37.         Why were cuts in United States defense spending proposed in the 1990s?

The Cold War ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union.

38.         What significant event in American history did Saddam Hussein's 1990 invasion of Kuwait spur?Bottom of Form

the Gulf War